The Upaniṣad, translated by Juan Mascaró and others

Old Testament

New Testament



Book of Mormon

The Upanishads are Hindu scriptures that constitute the core teachings of Vedanta.

These texts were mostly translated from Sanskrit into English by Juan Mascaró who, in 1987, died.  If one is so inclined, she or he can buy many of these works in a collection sold by Penguine Classics.

Along with the text, I have included comments of my own in pale yellow.  Chances are, someone will find my comments controversial.  It is inevitable, I figure, given how important religious texts are to people.  Some will be angry that I ask the questions I ask, while others will appreciate my questions as a means of further reflection on their part, reflection that may either ultimately strengthen or weaken their present views.  I really cannot say what effect my questions will have on you, whether you will find them philosophically intriguing or simply outrageous and irritating.  Either way, however, I hope you walk away from this with a positive experience.



Īṣa Upaniṣad

The Inner Ruler


Kena Upaniṣad

Who moves the world?


Kaṭha Upaniṣad

Death as Teacher